Site and Building Design Elements
Construction Activity Pollution Prevention
Construction activities can be very disruptive to the surrounding environment. To minimize impacts and reduce pollution from construction activities, Kohl’s has a nation-wide Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPPP) that is implemented at every new store location. Kohl's works with a national SWPPP consultant to prepare a site-specific erosion and sedimentation control plan for every Kohl’s site to ensure the control of soil erosion, waterway sedimentation, and airborne dust generation. Kohl’s SWPPP requirements are often more stringent than the various municipalities having jurisdiction.
Reduction in private vehicle use reduces fuel consumption as well as air and water pollutants in vehicle exhaust. Bike racks and changing facilities are almost always provided for employees and customers.
Heat Island Effect
Heat islands are created as cities replace natural land cover with pavement, buildings and other hard-surface infrastructure. This causes both the air and surface temperatures to be higher than in nearby rural areas resulting in increased energy demands. Kohl’s stores utilize a roofing material that is a “Cool White” ENERGY STAR-rated TPO roof. This material reduces the building’s energy demand and mitigates its heat island impacts.
Landscaping plant materials utilized nationwide are native or adaptive to their specific climate. The plant materials utilized will result in a major reduction in the amount of irrigation water needed to support the plants. The Kohl’s irrigation system will consist primarily of drip emitters which prevent the loss of water due to evapo-transpiration. Evapo-transpiration typically occurs as water flies through the air in traditional spray irrigation. The systems are controlled by a WeatherTRAK® controller that monitors weather and climate conditions prior to activating the irrigation system. The WeatherTRAK® system will reduce the potable water Kohl's uses for irrigation by 50%.
At some new store sites no permanent irrigation will be installed or an alternative water source (captured rainwater or municipal greywater lines) will be utilized. As a result no potable drinking water will be used to irrigate plant material in those locations.
Through the use of native and adaptive vegetation, drip irrigation emmitters and a “smart” irrigation controller, new Kohl’s stores will utilize over 50% less water to irrigate landscaping on each site.
Two out of three people in the world will face water shortages by 2025. Water is a valuable resource that is taken seriously by Kohl’s. Water-conserving plumbing fixtures were selected to reduce the new Kohl's stores' water consumption by 20% nationwide, and in some locations more than 30% water savings will be achieved.
Construction Waste Management
Clean construction waste currently contributes to approximately 30% of all materials in U.S. landfills. All of the waste generated by the construction of new Kohl’s stores will be carefully managed to ensure that the least possible amount of debris is sent to landfills and incinerators. Non-hazardous construction waste materials will be separated by the contractor, these include: concrete, cardboard, carpet, metals, drywall and wood. The result of this effort will divert an estimated 50-75% or more of construction waste materials from local landfills!
Recycled Content in Building Materials
To reduce the demand on virgin materials, and reduce the environmental impacts of material extraction and the manufacturing process, numerous items utilized in the construction of new Kohl’s stores contain recycled material. Kohl's selects building materials like concrete, steel, carpeting, ceiling tiles, drywall and insulation that contain the maximum amounts of post- and pre-consumer recycled content. An estimated 20% or more of the total building materials (by cost) utilized in new Kohl’s stores are made of recycled content!
Regionally Sourced Building Materials
To reduce the environmental impacts of transporting heavy objects, building materials utilized in the construction of new Kohl’s stores have been selected because they were regionally manufactured and harvested. Key building materials like concrete, concrete masonry units, pre-cast/tilt-up panels and steel have all been sourced within 500 miles of each new store site. An estimated 20% or more of total building materials (by cost) utilized in new Kohl’s stores will be sourced within 500 miles of the sites!
Learn more about LEED & Sustainable Design and Kohl's Green Scene initative on KohlsGreenScene.com.